INTRODUCTION: Conducting research and publishing articles during residency are not mandatory yet. However, these are shown to be necessary during training. This study aimed to evaluate the participation of resident physicians from services accredited by the Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery in the publication of articles in the Brazilian Journal of Plastic Surgery by analyzing how they have evolved over a period of 10 years.
METHODS: We evaluated articles published in the Brazilian Journal of Plastic Surgery between 2003 and 2012, excluding editorial, letter, message, erratum and acknowledgment articles. We also evaluated data regarding sex, demographic region, type of work, number of papers published with the participation of residents, mean number of residents per publication, subject area, and educational institution.
RESULTS: We identified 204 articles, of which 53 were published between 2003 and 2007, and 151 were published between 2008 and 2012. The most common subject was body contour, accounting for 95.1% of descriptive studies. Most of the authors were not affiliated with higher institutions (54.4%), and the residents from the southeast region were most active participants. On comparing different periods, we observed an increase in the number of residents as authors and in the participation of residents. The number of articles increased significantly in all regions of the country, except in the south.
CONCLUSION: The participation of residents in the publication of scientific articles that were published in the last 5 years in the southeast, northeast, and midwest regions has increased. The training structure for resident physicians should be improved to increase scientific publication in both, quantitative and qualitative aspects.
Keywords: Authorship and co-authorship in scientific publication; Medical residency; Plastic surgery.