INTRODUCTION: In contemporary facial surgery, the focus of controversy has shifted from superficial muscular aponeurotic system approaches, to methods by which to improve the neck contour. Larger detachments, such as those resulting from the use of submental access, can provide better outcomes. However, the associated potential for increased complication rates, particularly hematomas, discourages the practice of such detachments. In order to minimize these risks, we propose the use of videoendoscopic assistance during cervicoplasty procedures, such as Feldman's method. The adjustments required to carry out this procedure are described in this study.
METHOD: This retrospective study included 16 patients, who were sequentially submitted to a surgical procedure in the preceding 12 months, using the technique described above. The results were scored by the main author (RR) and 3 independent plastics surgeons (EC, RN, AM), who were unaware of the details of the technique used. Preoperative and 6-month postoperative photographs were evaluated and scored according to the parameters defined by Ellenbogen and Karlin, with values ranging from 0-10 subsequently applied to the grading system of Labbé.
RESULTS: The group average postoperative score was 8.29, the optimal grade according to the scale of Labbé. An optimal outcome (8-10 points) was reached in 10 cases (62.5%); a good outcome (6-7 points) was reached in 5 cases (31.25%); a score below 6, rated as average, occurred in only one case (6.25%). There was no occurrence of hematomas, skin adhesions or recurrent platysmal bands.
CONCLUSION: The proposed technique appears to provide satisfactory results without increasing the rate of complications. Moreover, use of the technique was associated with less extended submental scar, in addition to improving the direct view of the structures manipulated for all members of the surgical team.
Keywords: Rhytidoplasty/Methods; Face/Surgery; Hematoma/Prevention and Control.