Despite the large number of publications and development of laboratory and clinical concepts related to the regeneration of peripheral nerves, these injuries remain one of the most challenging and difficult surgical reconstructive problems. The microsurgery use has improved the outcome of nerve repair, especially in acute injuries, but to get reduce the consequences it is important to understand the mechanisms, technical principles and rehabilitation. The authors review the literature about neural repair, and rehabilitation after surgery.
Keywords: Peripheral nerves/injuries. Peripheral nervous system diseases. Electromyography.